Asthma is a common lung condition that causes occasional breathing difficulties.
It affects people of all ages and often starts in childhood, although it can also appear for the first time in adults
Symptoms of asthma are:
-wheezing (a whistling sound when breathing)
-a tight chest
Asthma symptoms can sometimes get temporarily worse. This is known as an asthma attack.
Several conditions can cause similar early symptoms of Asthma, such as a chest infection or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), so it’s important to get a proper diagnosis and correct treatment.
Asthma is caused by inflammation (swelling) of the breathing tubes that carry air in and out of the lungs.
This inflammation makes the breathing tubes highly sensitive, so they temporarily become narrow.
Common asthma triggers include:
-allergens, such as house dust mites, animal fur and pollens
-other irritants, such as cigarette smoke, strong smells, gases and
-exercise (including marathon sex)
The main treatments are:
-identifying and avoiding asthma triggers if possible
-reliever inhalers – inhalers used when needed to quickly relieve asthma symptoms for a short time
-preventer inhalers – inhalers used regularly every day to reduce the inflammation in the breathing tubes, which prevents asthma symptoms occurring
Asthma is a long-term condition for many people – particularly if it first develops in adulthood.
In children, it sometimes disappears or improves during the teenage years. Badly controlled asthma can cause issues such as:
-Lung infection (pneumonia)
-psychological problems e.t.c.