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Drug Abuse and Its Effects

Drug Abuse and Its Effects

Meaning of drug and drug abuse

Drug: is a chemical substance used in the treatment, cure, prevention, or diagnosis of disease or to otherwise enhance physical or mental well-being.
Drug abuse: is the use of illegal drugs or the misuse of prescription or over-the-counter drugs for at least a year with negative consequences.

Methods of Drug Use
This is also called drug delivery. The most common methods of delivering drug include:

1.Non-invasive oral (mouth/ingestion)
2.Nasal or Pneumonial (inhalation)
3.Smoking
4.Injection
5.Tattooing

Physical Effects of Drug Abuse
1.Contraction of HIV, hepatitis and other illnesses
2.Abdominal pain, vomiting, constipation, diarrhea
3.Heart rate irregularities, heart attack
Seizures, stroke, brain damage
4.Respiratory problems such as lung cancer, emphysema and breathing problems
5.Changes in appetite, body temperature and sleeping patterns
6.Kidney and liver damage

Ways of Preventing Drug Abuse

Drug abuse or drug misuse may be prevented in the following ways:

1.Appropriate but harsh legislation against abusers.
2.Application of religious ethics.
3.Avoiding the sharing of injection needles so as to reduce the rate of HIV/AIDS infection.

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The following are the methods of drug abuse except