Fish farming is the practice of rearing selected species of fish under scientifically controlled condition within an enclosed body of water. This enclosed body of water can be artificial ponds, streams, or rivers. Within this aquatic environment, the fishes are fed, grown and breed. After which, they are harvested for consumption or for sale.
Fish farming, also known as aquaculture, is one of the most lucrative agronomic practices in agriculture. Among the reason is the importance of fish as a cheap source of protein in the human diet.
Aqua cultural practices can also be defined as the different activities a fish farmer undertakes to ensure proper growth and sustainability of the fishes under his or her care. Just like every other professions, there is need for a serious-minded fish farmer to be conversant with the right aqua cultural practice to imbibe to ensure a high standard of sustainability in their fish farming venture.
The different activities usually undertaken during fish farming include:
1 Fertilization Application & Liming
FERTILIZER APPLICATION & LIMING
It is advised that a farmer should apply fertilizer around 15 days before stocking the pond with water and fish. Therefore, you are only applying fertilizer to an empty, newly constructed fishpond.
Fertilizer application is important as it encourages the growth of organisms that would act as food to the fishes when the pond is eventually filled and stocked. They are called plankton.
Fertilizers for fishponds can be chemical or organic fertilizers. The chemical fertilizers include N.P.K or super phosphates while the organic fertilizers would include the good old cow dung and poultry droppings, e.t.c.