Female genital mutilation (FGM), also known as Female Genital Cutting (FGC) in Nigeria accounts for the most female genital cutting/mutilation (FGM/C) cases worldwide. The practices is customarily a family tradition that the young female of the age 0-15 would experience. It is a procedure that involves partial or completely removing the external female’s genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs whenever for non-medical reasons.
The practice is considered harmful to girls and women and a violation of human rights. FGM causes infertility, maternal death, infections, and the loss of sexual pleasure.
Nationally, 27% of Nigerian women between the ages of 15 and 49 were victims of FGM, as of 2012. In the last 30 years, prevalence of the practice has decreased by half in some parts of Nigeria.
In May 2015, then President Goodluck Jonathan signed a federal law banning FGM. Opponents of the practice cite this move as an important step forward in Africa, as Nigeria is the most populous country and has set an important precedent.
Nigerians practice the following forms of female genital cutting/mutilation:-
Type I, clitoridectomy: Removing the clitoral hood and at least part of the clitoris
Type II, sunna: Removing the full clitoris and part of the labia minora
Type III, infibulation: Removing the clitoris, labia minora, and labia majora. This also involves stitching the vaginal opening with a minuscule hole for urination and menstrual bleeding.
Type IV: Other unclassified forms of FGM may involve pricking, stretching, cauterization, or inserting herbs into the vagina.
Clitoridectomies are more common in the south of the country, and the more extreme methods, like infibulation, are prevalent in the north.
Source: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia