Diabetes: Symptoms and potential complications

Diabetes: Symptoms and potential complications

General symptoms of diabetes include:
• excessive thirst and hunger
• frequent urination
• drowsiness or fatigue
• dry, itchy skin
• blurry vision
• slow-healing wounds
Type 2 diabetes can cause dark patches in the folds of skin in your armpits and neck. Since type 2 diabetes often takes longer to diagnose, you may feel symptoms at the time of diagnosis, like pain or numbness in your feet.
Type 1 diabetes often develops more quickly and can cause symptoms like weight loss or a condition called diabetic ketoacidosis. Diabetic ketoacidosis can occur when you have very high blood sugars, but little or no insulin in your body.
Symptoms of both types of diabetes can appear at any age, but generally type 1 occurs in children and young adults. Type 2 occurs in people over the age of 45. But younger people are increasingly being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes due to sedentary lifestyles and an increase in weight.
Complications of diabetes generally develop over time. Having poorly controlled blood sugar levels increases the risk of serious complications that can become life-threatening. Chronic complications include:
• vessel disease, leading to heart attack or stroke
• eye problems, called retinopathy
• infection or skin conditions
• nerve damage, or neuropathy
• kidney damage, or nephropathy
• amputations due to neuropathy or vessel disease
Type 2 diabetes may increase the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease, especially if your blood sugar is not well controlled.
Complications in pregnancy
High blood sugar levels during pregnancy can harm mother and child, increasing the risk of:
• high blood pressure
• preeclampsia
• miscarriage or stillbirth
• birth defects
Source: 2019 Healthline Media

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